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  1. Celebrating the 25th Anniversary of the Montreal Protocol | lejosadi.cf
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The Congress may by law provide for the case of removal, death, resignation or inability, both of the President and Vice President, declaring what officer shall then be President, or, in case of inability, act as President, and such officer shall be or act as President accordingly, until a President shall be elected or, in case of inability, until the inability shall be earlier removed. The commencement and termination of any inability shall be determined by such method as Congress shall by law provide.

Senators raised concerns that the Congress could either abuse such authority [33]: By the s, medical advances had made increasingly plausible the scenario of an injured or ill president living a long time while incapacitated. The assassination of John F. Kennedy demonstrated to policymakers of the need for a clear procedure for determining presidential disability, especially in the context of the Cold War. Johnson , had once suffered a heart attack [35] and — with the office of vice president to remain vacant until the next term began on January 20, — the next two people in the line of succession were the year-old Speaker of the House John McCormack [34] [36] and the year-old Senate President pro tempore Carl Hayden.

Their proposal specified the process by which a President could be declared "unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office", thereby making the vice president an Acting President , and how the President could regain the powers of his office.

25th Anniversary Documentary - Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer

Also, their proposal provided a way to fill a vacancy in the office of vice president before the next presidential election. This was as opposed to the Keating—Kefauver proposal, which neither provided for filling a vacancy in the office of vice president prior to the next presidential election nor provided a process for determining presidential disability. On February 19, the Senate passed the amendment, but the House passed a different version of the amendment on April On April 22, it was returned to the Senate with revisions.

On July 6, after a conference committee ironed out differences between the versions, [38] the final version of the amendment was passed by both Houses of the Congress and presented to the states for ratification. Nebraska was the first state to ratify, on July 12, , and ratification became complete when Nevada became the 38th state to ratify, on February 10, It was years ago, in the closing days of the Constitutional Convention, that the Founding Fathers debated the question of Presidential disability.

John Dickinson of Delaware asked this question: It is hard to believe that until last week our Constitution provided no clear answer. Now, at last, the 25th amendment clarifies the crucial clause that provides for succession to the Presidency and for filling a Vice Presidential vacancy.


Celebrating the 25th Anniversary of the Montreal Protocol | lejosadi.cf

In April , Representatives Earl Blumenauer and Jamie Raskin introduced legislation to have an eleven-member commission replace the "principal officers of the executive departments" as the body empowered, under Section 4, to determine with the vice president that the president is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office. Under the proposal, this commission would examine the president when directed to do so by a concurrent resolution of the Congress.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Twenty-fifth Amendment disambiguation. Drafting and ratification timeline Convention Signing Federalism Republicanism. In case of the removal of the President from office or of his death or resignation, the Vice President shall become President. Whenever there is a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, the President shall nominate a Vice President who shall take office upon confirmation by a majority vote of both Houses of Congress.

Whenever the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that he is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, and until he transmits to them a written declaration to the contrary, such powers and duties shall be discharged by the Vice President as Acting President. Whenever the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive departments or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall immediately assume the powers and duties of the office as Acting President.

United States vice presidential selection, Acting President of the United States.

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The Twenty-fifth Amendment in the National Archives. Georgia North Dakota South Carolina. The National Constitution Center.

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Retrieved July 20, The Heritage Guide to the Constitution. Retrieved June 12, Its Complete History and Applications. Retrieved September 9, Its Complete History and Application. The Difficult Process to Remove a President". Ford Presidential Library and Museum". Ford, Late a President of the United States. The New York Times. Retrieved August 3, Larry King Live , March 30, Retrieved February 18, Retrieved January 15, Champion of the Old South. American Political Biography Press, , p. He was the first vice president to succeed to the Presidency after the death of his predecessor".

White House Historical Association. Retrieved January 22, Arizona Health Sciences Library. Retrieved September 27, The Great Society Congress.

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Association of Centers for the Study of Congress. Retrieved April 6, Retrieved January 27, The Association of Centers for the Study of Congress. Since ratifying the Montreal Protocol, Australia has met or exceeded all of its phase out obligations. The 25th Anniversary of the Montreal Protocol in September this year is a reminder to us and the global community of what can be achieved when we work together to protect the planet.

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Skip to main content. Home Topics Environment protection Ozone and synthetic greenhouse gases Montreal Protocol Ozone protection milestones.

Ozone protection milestones About the anniversary The 16 September this year marks the 25th anniversary of the signing of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, which is on track to restore the ozone layer to levels by mid century. A Silver Lining — a lecture celebrating 25 years of the Montreal Protocol To celebrate 25 years of the Montreal Protocol, a public lecture on the success and the benefits of the Montreal Protocol was held at the Australian Academy of Science Shine Dome in Canberra on 13 September The following presentations were made: